Population 2011

2011 Census
India has successfully completed 15th Census and brought about the provisional population figures. The success in 2011 Census is yet other achievement in the census history of India. Attempts for collecting data on population were started in India even before the Christian era. In Kautllya’s Arthashatra there were remarks on collection of population statistics as a measure of state policy for the purpose of taxation during the days of third BC. During the periods of Mughal and Akbar data regarding population, industry and wealth were prepared and used for various purposes. East India Company due to obvious reasons, such as defence, collection of revenues and taxes and employment of population in profitable trades and services tried to obtain reliable estimates of population in its Indian settlements. Lord Mayo, Governor General. appointed W.W. Hunter was Director General of Statistical Survey in 1869 for conducting Census in india. An experimental census of the Lower Provinces of Bengal was organised in 1869 by H. Beverley then Registrar General of India. Government of India and the Home Government had agreed to conduct general Census in 1871. This series, commonly known as the Census of 1872, was not a scientific project, nor did it cover all territory possessed or controlled by the British. The first complete Census of population was conducted in 1881, on a uniform basis throughout India providing the most complete and continuous demographic record for any comparable population. Since then the Census is being regularly conducted after every ten years. The first census after Independence was taken in 1951. 2011 census is the fifteenth census and seventh after independence.
Population in India 1901-2011
Year Population in Crores Decadal growth
1901 23.84 –
1911 25.20 5.75
1921 25.13 ( -) 0.31
1931 27.89 11.00
1941 31.86 14.22
1951 36.10 13.31
1961 43.92 21.64
1971 54.81 24.80
1981 68.33 24.66
1991 84.64 23.87
2001 102.87 21.54
2011 121.01 17.64

2011 Census
India has successfully completed 15th Census and brought about the provisional population figures. The success in 2011 Census is yet other achievement in the census history of India. Attempts for collecting data on population were started in India even before the Christian era. In Kautllya’s Arthashatra there were remarks on collection of population statistics as a measure of state policy for the purpose of taxation during the days of third BC. During the periods of Mughal and Akbar data regarding population, industry and wealth were prepared and used for various purposes. East India Company due to obvious reasons, such as defence, collection of revenues and taxes and employment of population in profitable trades and services tried to obtain reliable estimates of population in its Indian settlements. Lord Mayo, Governor General. appointed W.W. Hunter was Director General of Statistical Survey in 1869 for conducting Census in india. An experimental census of the Lower Provinces of Bengal was organised in 1869 by H. Beverley then Registrar General of India. Government of India and the Home Government had agreed to conduct general Census in 1871. This series, commonly known as the Census of 1872, was not a scientific project, nor did it cover all territory possessed or controlled by the British. The first complete Census of population was conducted in 1881, on a uniform basis throughout India providing the most complete and continuous demographic record for any comparable population. Since then the Census is being regularly conducted after every ten years. The first census after Independence was taken in 1951. 2011 census is the fifteenth census and seventh after independence.
Population in India 1901-2011
Year Population in Crores Decadal growth
1901 23.84 –
1911 25.20 5.75
1921 25.13 ( -) 0.31
1931 27.89 11.00
1941 31.86 14.22
1951 36.10 13.31
1961 43.92 21.64
1971 54.81 24.80
1981 68.33 24.66
1991 84.64 23.87
2001 102.87 21.54
2011 121.01 17.64



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