Population in India 2011

Indian Population 2011 – Highlights

Population: As per the Provisional Population Totals of Census 2011, the total population of
India was 1210.2 million. Of this, the rural population stands at 833.1 million and the urban
population 377.1 million. In absolute numbers, the rural population has increased by 90.47
million and the urban population by 91.00 million in the last decade. Uttar Pradesh has the
largest rural population of 155.11 million (18.62% of the country’s rural population) whereas
Maharashtra has the highest urban population of 50.83 million (13.48% of country’s urban
population) in the country.

Growth Rate: The growth rate of population for India in the last decade was 17.64%. The growth
rate of population in rural and urban areas was 12.18% and 31.80% respectively. Bihar (23.90%)
exhibited the highest decadal growth rate in rural population.

Proportion of Population: In percentage terms, the rural population formed 68.84% of the total
population with the urban population constituting 31.16% (increase of 3.35%). Himachal
Pradesh (89.96%) has the largest proportion of rural population, while Delhi (97.50%) has the
highest proportion of urban population. The EAG States have a lower percentage of urban
population (21.13%) in comparison to non EAG States (39.66%).

Sex Ratio: The Sex Ratio in the country which was 933 in 2001 has risen by 7 points to 940 in
2011. The increase in rural areas has been 1 point from 946 to 947. The same in urban areas has
been 26 points from 900 to 926. Kerala has the highest sex ratio in total (1084), rural (1077) and
urban (1091). In rural, Chandigarh (691) and in urban, Daman & Diu (550) show the lowest sex
ratio in the country respectively. Eight states namely Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh,
Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and 1 UT Lakshadweep
show fall in the sex ratio in rural area and 2 UTs Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli in
urban areas.

Child Population (0-6 years): Out of the child population of 158.8 million in the age group of 0-6
in the country the rural child population stands at 117.6 million and urban at 41.2 million in
2011. The Child population has declined by 5.0 million in the country – decline of 8.9 million in
rural areas and increase of 3.9 million in urban areas. The Country has observed a decline in the
percentage of child population in the age group 0-6 years by about 3 percentage points over the
decade – rural areas show a decline of about 3 % and urban a decline of 2%. The growth rate of
Child population has been -3.08% in the last decade (Rural- (-)7.04%; Urban- (+)10.32%).

Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years): Census 2011 marks a considerable fall in child sex ratio in the age
group of 0-6 years and has reached an all time low of 914 since 1961. The fall has been 13 points
(927-914) for the country during 2001-2011. In rural areas, the fall is significant – 15 points (934-
919) and in urban areas it has been 4 points (906-902) over the decade 2001-2011. Delhi (809)
has recorded the lowest and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (975) the highest child sex ratio in rural
areas. Haryana (829) has recorded the lowest and Nagaland (979) the highest child sex ratio in
urban areas.

Number of Literates: As per the Provisional Population Totals of Census 2011, the number of
literates in India was 778.5 million. Of this, 493.0 million literates were in rural areas and 285.4
million literates in urban areas. Out of an increase of 217.8 million literates over the decade
2001-2011, rural areas accounted for 131.1 million and urban areas 86.6 million. The highest
number of rural literates has been recorded in Uttar Pradesh (88.4 million). Maharashtra (40.8
million) has recorded the highest number of literates in urban areas.

Literacy Rate: The Literacy Rate of India as per the Provisional Population Totals of Census 2011
is 74.04. In rural areas the Literacy Rate is 68.91 and in urban areas it is 84.98. The decadal
change works out to 9.21 points – 10.17 points in rural areas and 5.06 points in urban areas
respectively. The male Literacy Rate which is 82.14 (Rural- 78.57; Urban-89.67) is higher than
the female Literacy Rate of 65.46 (Rural- 58.75; Urban-79.92). The increase in female literacy
rate is significantly higher in all areas i.e. total (11.79 points), rural (12.62 points) and urban
(7.06 points) in comparison to corresponding male literacy rates – total (6.88 points), rural (7.87)
and urban (3.40 points) over the decade. It is significant to note that the gap in literacy rate
among males and females has reduced to 16.68 in the country. The gap is 19.82 points in rural
areas and 9.75 points in urban areas. Kerala (92.92) ranks first in rural areas whereas Mizoram
(98.1) ranks first in urban areas. As far as Male literacy rate is concerned, Kerala (95.29) ranks
first in rural areas whereas Mizoram (98.67) ranks first in urban areas. Rajasthan (46.25) has
recorded lowest female literacy rate in rural areas, whereas, Jammu & Kashmir (70.19) has the
lowest female literacy rate in urban areas.



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